6 Basic Macramé Knots

Macramé is a form of weaving using knotting techniques to create textiles.
You can make a range of things from pot plant holders, wall hangings to jewellery.
This list of 6 basic macramé knots will help anyone beginning to learn this 13th
century craft.

1. Larks Head Knot:

The larks head knot forms the foundation of many macramé designs.

1: Fold your string in half and drape the halfway point over the rod/cord.
2: Once more fold the string under the rod/cord. Bringing the two centre pieces of string, through the bottom loop. Pull tight.

6 basic macrame knots

2. Half Knot:

The half knot is often used to create a helix structured knot. This knot twists when repeated.

1: Begin with two pieces of string and a two larks head knot.
2: Take the outside string from the right hand larks head knot and pass it under the two centre strings. Pass this string over the last string on the left.
3: Now move the far left hand string over the two centre strings and then under the last string on the right. This completes your half knot

6 basic macrame knots

3. Square Knot:

The square knot is one of the most common macramé knots and you can also sandwich a bead between the knots to make great macramé jewellery.

1: Follow steps one to three of the half knot.
2: Bring the far right string over the two centre strings and under the far left string.
3: Take the far right string and pass it under the two centre strings, then over the far right string pulling tight to form the knot.

6 basic macrame knots

4. Overhand Knot:

Use this knot at the beginning or end of your macramé design. If using it at the end of your design then I would recommend adding a dab of glue to ensure your design does not unravel.

1: Using a single piece of string or multi strands. Take the right hand string over the left forming a loop.
2: Move the same string under and through the loop created, finishing on the right. Pull to tighten.

6 basic macrame knots

5. Single Half Hitch:

A useful knot for any design, great for creating a multi stand weave.

1: Take a single string, under the rod/cord then back over.
2: Bring the same string under the rod/cord and over the loop created. Pull to tighten.

6 basic macrame knots

6. Double Half Hitch:

Like the single half hitch only doubles, this is an important decorative knot that is used in many designs.

1: Take a single string, under the rod/cord then back over.
2: Bring the same string under the rod/cord and over the loop created.
3: Now move the bottom string, back over the rod/cord, then under and up through the loop. Pull to tighten.

6 basic macrame knots

An interesting point to note about macramé is the repetition of under and over. I find it useful to remember this in particular when doing the square knot. Under the first two strings and over the next.  Then over the middle two and under the right.
Over and under, under and over.

I would recommend practicing these knots on larger projects to begin with to help you get the hang of things. From there you can begin to explore the world of micro macramé.

7 thoughts on “6 Basic Macramé Knots

  • August 21, 2017 at 4:36 PM

    Amazing Article! To people who directly jump into the comment section, kindly give a read! It’s beautifully written! Pretty sick writer!

  • February 24, 2018 at 8:49 AM

    Thank you for sharing these tips with us , l love macramé and l love to do some macrame projects but l have a question what the length of the cord it should be ? As an example if I want to make a 1yard macrame , thanks a lot

    • February 24, 2018 at 5:40 PM

      Hi Nagla,
      It is a difficult question to answer. There is no algorithm or correct answer unless you are using an existing pattern that already tells you the size to start with. There are a few things to consider;
      1. The size of the thread you are using (3mm, 4mm, etc) The larger the cord the bigger the knots so the longer the string will need to be.
      2. The pattern you are using. How many knots are in the pattern? If it is a project that uses lots of knots than the length will need to be longer than a project that has lots of spaces.
      3. Are you using a design that calls for the cord to be folded in the middle? Or are you starting from the end of the cord?
      As a general rule I would say if you have not made the design before than x the length by 4. So if you are using a folded design (1 yards folded =2 yards total length) you want to 2 x 4 = 8 yards. If you are starting at the end(unfolded) 1 yard x4 = 4 yards.

      At the end of the day if you do find you run out of cord towards the end of a project you still have options to correct this. You can 1. sew another cord on or 2. knot another cord on.

      • February 27, 2018 at 9:28 AM

        Thank you for your attention and fast reply, I think the answer is very helpful,

        Thanks a lot

  • May 21, 2019 at 3:15 PM

    I do agree with all of the ideas you’ve presented in your post. They’re very convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are too short for novices. Could you please extend them a bit from next time? Thanks for the post.


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